The Assembly of Kosovo declared independence on February 17, 2008 and has been recognized by 62 countries, including the US, France, and the UK. However, Kosovo’s independence is considered illegal by Serbia and Russia. Kosovo has been under UN administration since 1999, beginning after the end of the Kosovo War.
Acting under UN Security Council Resolution 1244, the NATO-led Peacekeeping Force in Kosovo (KFOR) stabilized the security situation. At its peak, KFOR troops numbered 50,000 and came from 39 different NATO and non-NATO nations. The SSR situation in Kosovo can be described as post-conflict and its security institutions were largely created from the ground up following the establishment of a UN administrative body in 1999.
SSR in Kosovo has primarily been an internationally-driven process. It has focused on justice reform, police reform, the establishment of a military force and the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants.