Exploring the transition from first to second generation SSR in conflict-affected societies By: Antoine Vandemoortele | Featured | Sep 30, 2016

The Centre for Security Governance (CSG) is pleased to announce a new series of reports as part of its ‘Exploring the transition from first to second generation SSR in conflict-affected societies’ multi-year comparative research project, funded by the Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA). 


About the Project

This comparative multi-year CSG research project seeks to provide policy-oriented research and analysis to enrich and advance the emerging second generation SSR discourse. Led by CSG Executive Director Mark Sedra, the project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform (SSR) programming in conflict-affected countries. Employing a common methodology, the project features original research on four case study countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. The case study countries chosen each feature two broad characteristics: they are recovering from conflict and making transitions from war to peace; and they are mature cases of SSR, in that they have been subjected to at least ten years of externally supported SSR programming of some form. It is also important to note that geographical diversity played an important role in case study selection, with four distinct regions represented— Balkans, Central America, West Africa, and Asia-Pacific.

The project seeks to answer the following main research questions for each case:

1. To what extent and how have SSR efforts followed the orthodox SSR model as described in the OECD-DAC Handbook on SSR? In assessing SSR efforts in each case study country, how have orthodox SSR approaches succeeded and failed and why?

2. What alternative approaches or entry-points for security and justice development programs are available? Are they used, and if so, how? If not, why?


Research Outputs & Publications

The project has produced two reports per case study country—eight in total—one for each of the aforementioned research questions. The final report of the project—the ninth in the series—will synthesize the results of the case study research, drawing conclusions about the efficacy of orthodox SSR approaches and the potential for second generation SSR ideas.

Part I - Assessing Orthodox Security Sector Reform

#1 | CSG Paper No. 9 - Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina  | Branka Marijan | September 2016

#2 | CSG Paper No. 10 - Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in El Salvador | Gaëlle Rivard Piché | September 2016

#3 | CSG Paper No. 11 - Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone | Ibrahim Bangura | September 2016

#4 | CSG Paper No. 12 - Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Timor-Leste | Sarah Dewhurst, with Joana Saraiva and Bronwyn Winch | September 2016


Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy (FBA).

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